Tynron Glen

By John Shaw

Place Names of Tynron

Most of these names are to be found on NX 79 and NX 89 1:25000 OS maps.  Though quite a few names are Old English (O.E.), more are Gaelic in origin and have been Anglicised to some extent.  At the time these names were written down, in the twelfth century mostly, Gaelic was dominant.  I got lots of help from Johnson-Ferguson’s book.

A four-figure map reference is given.

AIKIEKNOWE   8092        O.E. hill with oaks, (the steep rocky wee hill by the glen road end)

THE AIKS         7992        O.E. oaks

AIRD                8293        ard = a height or high place

APPIN              7497        apuinn = abbey lands

AUCHENBRACK 7696  achadh na = field of; breac = spotted; or salmon, trout

AUCHENGIBBERT         8093        tiobart = a well; or Gilbert

AUCHENGOWER          7698        gobhar = goats

BAIL HILL                      7296        O.E. back; or bonfire, beacon hill

BARR                           8292        hilltop

BENNAN                       7894        beannan = small hill

BIRKHILL                      7893        O.E. birch

BLACKCRAIG HILL       7098        creag = crag

BROOMY KNOWE        7795        O.E. cnoll = round-topped hill

BROWN KNOWES        7298 and 7895

BRUNT HILL                  7496        probably “burnt”

CAIRNEYCROFT           8293        O.E. croft of cairns

CAIRNEY KNOWE         7697        O.E. hill of cairns

CAMLING                       8394        cam linne = winding pool

CAPENOCH                   8392       ceapanach = place of tillage or tree stumps

CAUL                       7993        O.E. cald = dam to divert water into a mill lead.

CLODDEROCH             7893        cluain = meadow; darroch = oak

CLODQUHANOCH 7992 clach = stone; canach = of the tax; or chanaigh = of cotton-grass

CLONE                           8291        cluain = meadow

CLONRAE                      8293        cluain = meadow;   reidh = smooth

COATS WOOD              8393        probably Cotts, who ran Shinnel Mill

COLT HILL                     6998        O.E. colt

CONRICK HASS   7097        comhrag = confluence, meeting-place; (Norse)  hass = a pass

CORFARDINE HILL        7995        curr = end, pit;   feoirlinn = farthingland

CORMILLIGAN 7495        mollachan = hillock, or Milligan a name as in Strathmilligan.

CORMUNNOCH              7396        (Welsh)  cor = bog, or coire = deep circular hollow; munnoch = ? O.E. bilberry

CORRIEDOW                 7694        coire = deep circular hollow; dubh = black

COUNTAM                      7698        con = hound; or can = head of; tom = hill

COURT HILL                  8192        used as a court by barony of Aird?

CRAIGELLER                 7199        creag = crag;   iolaire = eagle

CRAIGENCOON             7795   creagan = little crag; cumhainn = of the gorge

CRAIGSKEAN                 7399        sgine = knife-cut

CRAIGTURRA                 8193        turaid = turret; or O.E. turf or peat

CRAW LINN                     7000        O.E. crow

CROGLIN                        7397        creag linn = crag waterfall

CRYSTAL FOULDS         7897        ???

CRYSTAL KNOWES        8193        ???

DALMAKERRAN             8092        dail = field;  of sons of Ciaran

DALRY                              dal righ = meadow, field of the king

DALWHAT HILL               7295        chat = wild-cat

DEMPSTERS HASS        7396        dempster = judge or officer of court;   (Norse)  hass = a pass

DRY BURN                      7295 and 7594     O.E. burn = stream

DUDDIESTONE HASS    7996        Duddie or Doddie is probably a name (George); or doddy = without horns or bare hill

DUN BRAE          7397        (Anglo-Saxon)  dun = hill or place or dwelling

DUN CLEUCH                 7297        O.E. cloh = steep-sided valley

DUNSCORE                           (Welsh) din = fort; ysgor = rampart or dun = hill;   sgor = sharp rock

EVERSIDE                       7597        O.E. upper side

EWE CRAIG                     7495

FAIRY CRAIG                    7497

FIDDLERS MOSS       7698      O.E. mos = moss; fiddler = common sandpiper

FORD                                8292

GLED BRAE                      7893        gled = kite

GLENSKELLY HILL            7395        sgealaighe = teller of tales

GRAIN BURN    7199    (Norse)  grein = a small valley branching off a big one

GREEN HILL                       7296        green = grein?  as above

HALFMARK                        7696        measurement of land by value

HARD KNOWE                   7499        O.E. hard = herd

HERD NAZE                       7100        O.E. shepherd’s promontory

HILLHEAD                          7992

HOLMHEAD HILL                7593        (Norse)  holm = low-lying land by river

HOLMHOUSE                     7894

HULTON                             8293        O.E. hyli tun = hill farm

JARNEY HILL                     7499        ?O.E. marshy place

KEB HILL                     7598        O.E. keb = a ewe that has an immature lamb

KEIR                                      (Welsh)  caer = fort

KILLIEWARREN                 7993        coille = wood;   a’bharain = baron, or gharain = undergrowth

KILNMARK                         7696        O.E. cyla = grain-drying kiln or coille = wood;   mark = land measure

KIRKCONNEL                    7694        O.E. Connel’s Church

KIRKLAND                         8093        land belonging to the church

LADY’S KNOWE                7992        which lady?

LAGDUBH HILL                  7098        black hollow

LAGGANPARK HILL           8390        lagan = a hollow

LAGLUFF                          7199        lagan again

LAIRD’S BRIDGE               7894        Queensberry probably

LAMGARROCH                 7198        O.E. lann = enclosed land;   or lamb;   carroch = rough

LAMGARROCH STRAND  7299        O.E. strand = stream

LANN                                 8092        (enclosed) land

LINNHOUSE                       8192        linn = waterfall

LOCKERTY SHEUCHS   7000    luachair = rush; O.E. sheuch = ditch, stream,

SYKES, BURN and BOG    furrow or peat digging;   O.E. sic = stream or ditch

LOOP END                        7497        ?winding glen

MACQUESTON                  7794        personal name + O.E. tun

MAGMALLOCH                  7396        marg = mark; mallaichte = accursed

MARKMONY                      7893        monadh = hill

MARKREACH                    7397        reachd = of the law; or of great sorrow

MARQUESTON BURN    7596   O.E. marg = markland; wasten = O.E. western

MIDSHINNEL                      7498

MILNTON                           8192        O.E. mill farm

MONIAIVE                             moine = a mossy place;   shaimhe = of stillness;   or eibhe = cry or monadh abh = hill stream

MOUNTHOOLIE BRIDGE    7894        monadh chuile = hill with corner or nook

MOUNTRASCAL                  8092        monadh raschoill = hill of brushwood; or O.E. raskill = deer

MULLWHANNY                     7197        meall or maoil = hill;   vaine = green;   or chanaigh = cotton-grass

OX HILL                                7200

PAGAN’S THORN                  7794        ???

PATIE’S CLEUCH                  7299        ???

PEAT RIG                             7298        O.E. rig = ridge

PEELTON HILL                      8091        (Old French)  pel = palisade of stakes

PENFILLAN MOOR            8492        (Welsh) pen = a head; faolan = little wolf

PENPONT                             (Welsh) head of bridge

PINZARIE                           7894       peighinn = pennyland; iaraigh = westerly;   or arigh = shieling

ROUGH CRAIG                  7299        O.E. rush

ROUGH GLEN                   7993

ROUNDHILL                       8393


SCAUR LAW        7399        sgor = mark, notch, sharp rock   O.E. hlaw = a hill

SCROGHOUSE                   8193        O.E. stunted bush, thornbush

SHANCASTLE DOON          8190        sean chaisteal = old castle

SHARP CRAIG                     7498

SHIEL               7398       (Middle English)  schele = a shepherd’s summer hut

SHINNEL                              sean allt = old river

SHINNELHEAD                     7299

SIGHT KNOWE                    7594

SNAB                                   7795        O.E. projecting point

STELLBRAE     7594       O.E. steall = place with stones, enclosure for sheep

STENHOUSE                       8093        O.E. stonhuis = stone house

STONEFAULD KNOWES      7496        O.E. fald = fold

STRATHMILLIGAN           7794        srath = valley + Maolagan 1291 (a name)

TERERRAN HILL                   7693        tir iaran = western land

THISTLEMARK                      7795        sounds obvious, but old spelling is Sislimark or Thirstymark

TORBRAEHEAD                    7896        O.E. torr = pile of rocks, rocky peak

TRANSPARRA                       7296        O.E. parroch = small field

TROSTON HILL                     7099        (Welsh)  traws = across;   O.E. tun = enclosure with dwelling

TYNLEOCH                            7695        tanaloch = shallow water

TYNRON                                8092        various old spellings:

Tynrone, Tintroyn, Tindroyn, Tintroyan,

Tinrin, Tyndron, Tindrim, Tinnerin, Tinrane.

suggested meanings:

dun ron = fortified hill with nose

tan drum = fire ridge

(Welsh)  din rhon = lance fort

tigh an sroin = house on the point

WAUK HILL                           8490        O.E. wet, or fulling of cloth

WETHER HILL                      7196        a male lamb

WHITE KNOWE                    7200

YEARN CRAG                     7298        O.E. earn = eagle

Other place names are not recorded on maps and so can easily be lost.  As an example, King’s Seat is the prominent rock on the top of the face of Pinzarie Hill.  It is now disappearing into the forestry.  Another is Silver Well Brae, the gentle incline up from Killiewarren Bridge, beside which in a layby was once a well-known horse trough, Silver Well.  Glenmar Linns is the disused name of the rapids above the bridge on the forestry road on the way up to Shinnelhead.

Place names on Ordnance Survey maps can also be misleading.  In the 1980s update of the 1:25000 maps the survey confused the names of the woods on Auchenbrack.  For instance, Jubilee Wood is the one at 772963 and not as marked.  Unfortunately, this sort of mistake is likely to remain on future maps, although I did write to the OS and point out this plus other small errors on the new map.